Dental Implants

The risks of dental implants. Dental implants complications

The Risks of Dental Implants.

When we talk about dental implants, we must consider not only the benefits but also the risks they entail.

The purpose of this topic is not to distance patients from choosing these treatments but only to increase vigilance and choose the right dental clinic in Albania.

We must also consider the fact that like any surgical procedure, oral implantology has its excellent benefits and a 30-year guarantee, on the other hand it could have complications or risks.

Knowing these risks would help in their prevention, thus guaranteeing a longer duration of the result obtained.

The risks can be different:

-during the surgery

-after the surgery

-during procedures to fix teeth on implants

-after treatment

Furthermore they can be classified:

-caused by the doctor

-lack of collaboration

-or simply the human body’s reaction against the implants

The most frequent risks are those during the operation.

These risks can be insignificant or significant.

1. Paresthesia of the nerves, i.e. lack of sensation in a specific region. This could be caused by several factors such as:

– Pressure or anesthesia needle

– Drilling of the bone to place the implant

– Rupture of the nerve during the opening of the gum

– Unknown reaction of the human body

This complication can be avoided in most cases with detailed planning of the operation. Using the fine needle, injecting the anesthesia respecting the anatomical structures, using short 5-6 mm dental implants, or doing the nerve bypass.

If this happens, the patient should inform himself and take the necessary medicines for recovery.

The lack of sensation can last for a few days up to 12 months. In the most serious cases, even for life.

In this case, the inferior alveolar nerve was touched during the trepanation of the bone.

In this case the lack of sensitivity went away after 3 weeks.

2. Hematomas are the most frequent complications during dental implant surgery. It happens when blood vessels are damaged.

3. Damage to remaining teeth. The root or crown of the remaining teeth can be broken.

4. Fracture of the alveolar bone. It can happen from a wrong technique or when the bone is not very elastic.

These are all avoidable risks if the surgeon plans the operation in detail.

Risks after surgery:

  1. Bone infections. They can come for various reasons. The patient does not take medicines, smokes or traumatizes the gum. They are absolutely avoidable if the patient respects the doctor’s advice.
  2. Migration of implants into nearby anatomical structures. They can migrate into the maxillary sinus, nose or the muscular spaces of the mouth. They happen after rejections and infections that remain untreated.

These risks can be avoided by carrying out the radiological and clinical checks recommended by the surgeon.

Risks during the prosthetic phase

The risks during this sentence are lower. The procedures are long and you work with small instruments that can be swallowed. Furthermore, the gum, tongue and lips may be slightly injured during this phase.

Risks after teeth fixation

The only risk after fixing the teeth is the failure of the implants due to lack of maintenance. Absolutely avoidable if the patient respects the doctor’s advice.